Philip B. Minehan, „Anti-Leftist Politics in Modern World History: Avoiding ‘Socialism’ at All Costs“

Systemic and political hostility against the ‘left’, real and contrived, has been a key, yet under-recognized aspect of the history of the modern world for the past two hundred years. By the 1820s, the new, exploitative and destabilizing character of capitalist industrial production and its accompanying market liberalizations began creating necessities among the working classes and their allies for the new, self-protective politics of ‘socialism’. But it is evident that, for the new economic system to sustain itself, such oppositional politics that it necessitated had to be undermined, if not destroyed, by whatever means necessary. Through the imperialism of the later 19th century, and with significant variations, this complex and often highly destructive dialectical syndrome expanded worldwide.

Liberals, conservatives, extreme nationalists, fascists, racists, and others have all repeatedly come aggressively and violently into play against ‘socialist’ oppositions. In this book, Philip Minehan traces the patterns of such hostility and presents numerous crucial examples of it: from Britain, France, Germany and the United States; the British in India; European fascism, the United States and Britain as they operated in China and Indochina; from Kenya, Algeria and Iran; and from Central and South America during the Cold War.

In the final chapters, Minehan addresses the post-Cold War, US-led triumphalist wars in the Middle East, the ensuing refugee crises, neo-fascism, and anti-environmentalist politics, to show the ways that the syndrome within which anti-leftist antagonism emerges, in its neoliberal phase since the 1970s, remains as self-destructive and dangerous as ever

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Introduction and Historical Background


Historical Background in Europe to 1871: The Problem of the Left and the Liberal Solutions

Part I: The Failed Solutions: Imperialism, the Great War, Fascism, Anti-Bolshevism, and World War Two.


Chapter 1: “1871-1917: The Imperial Solution”

1.a: “The Example of Colonial India and the South Asian Diaspora”

Chapter 2: The Fascist Solution: From Anti-Socialism and Anti-Bolshevism to another World War, 1917-1939”:

Chapter 3: “World War Two: From Anti-Communism to Anti-Communism, 1939-1945”

Part II: The US-led Global Anti-Communist Solution


Chapter 4: “Soft on Social Democracy, Hard on ‘Communism’:
Britain, the US, Greece, China, Korea and Indochina”

1. Britain and the United States: 12 pages
2. Anti-Communism in Greece: 5 pages
3. Anti-Communism in China, Korea and Indochina
a. China
b. Korea
c. Indochina

Chapter 5: “Cold War Bipolarities versus Complex Realities: Examples from Africa and the Middle East”

1. British and US Anti-Communism in Parts of Sub-Saharan Africa
2. Algeria
3. The Middle East: Fighting the Cold War, Planting Seeds for the ‘War on Terror’
Chapter 6: “Anti-Leftist Politics in Western Europe, Latin America and the United States to the 1970s”

1. Western Europe: Anti-Communism and Social Democracy
2. Latin America: The United States and Anti-Reformist Anti-‘Communism’
3. The Course and Character of Anti-Leftist Politics in the United States to the 1970s
4. Conflicting Global Currents: Leftist Upsurge, Economic Downturn and the Shift to Neo-Liberalism
Part III: The Neoliberal Solution

Chapter 7: “Overkill”

1. Neo-Liberal Rollback in Latin America: Operation Condor and the Contras
2. Iran, Afghanistan and the Coming War on Terror
3. The New Model in Full Force: Globalized Capitalist Production and its Political Consequences
4. The Collapse of the Soviet Union
5. Post-Cold War US-led Political and Military Triumphalism

Summary and Conclusion

Epilogue: The Pathology, the Pandemic and the Prospects