Događanja CKPIS-a – Sara Bernard: Povratak gastarbajtera u Jugoslaviju
U Ljetnom semestru CKPIS-a gostuje Sara Bernard sa Sveučilišta u Glasgowu, čije će se predavanje o povratku gastarbajtera u Jugoslaviju temeljiti na njezinoj studiji Deutsch Marks in the Head, Shovel in the Hands and Yugoslavia in the Heart: the Gastarbeiter Return to Yugoslavia 1965-1991 (2019), prvoj koja temeljitije obrađuje ovu temu ocrtavajući složenost odnosa između „radnika na privremenom radu u inozemstvu“, države i društvenog okruženja.
Predavanje će biti održano na engleskom jeziku u virtualnoj dvorani.
Srijeda, 7. travnja 2021., 18.00 / Wednesday, 7 April 2021, 6.00 pm
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Sara Bernard, University of Glasgow
The Gastarbeiter return to socialist Yugoslavia (1965-1991)
This talk is based on my recently published book on the Gastarbeiter return migration to socialist Yugoslavia (Harrassowitz, 2019). It discusses how the Gastarbeiter return migration, which has remained an under-researched topic in the scholarship, is key to fully understanding the impact of labour migration on the transformations which Yugoslavia experienced from the 1960s onwards. The Gastarbeiter migration was the most important migration phenomenon in socialist Yugoslavia. The importance and great seize of Gastarbeiter migration was only possible because employment abroad was imagined, regulated and experienced as temporary and followed by the workers’ return home. This talk will examine how the expectation of return migration, which the Yugoslav leadership and the Gastarbeiter themselves shared, was a powerful narrative of development, belonging and unity which shaped relations between state authorities, migrants and the wider society. Yet, while there is plenty of evidence to demonstrate how seriously the plan of return migration was taken by all the actors involved, the low numbers of return migration and the negative stereotypes about returnees which appeared in political and public narratives suggest that return was a more complex phenomenon which led to much disappointment. This talk will unpack some of these complexities to show how return migration offers a unique insight into the ambiguities of Yugoslav strategies of development, dynamics of societal transformations and Yugoslav identity.
Sara Bernard is Lecturer in Societal Transformations in Central and Eastern Europe at the University of Glasgow. Her first monograph, Deutsch Marks in the Head, Shovel in the Hands and Yugoslavia in the Heart: the Gastarbeiter Return to Yugoslavia 1965-1991 (Harrassowitz, 2019), is the first full-length monograph on the Gastarbeiter return migration to socialist Yugoslavia published in English. She is currently working on a project which explores further how migration shaped the meanings and experiences of Yugoslavness and Yugoslavism.